Funding Bike Projects

Most community leaders now understand the inherent value and benefits of creating safe, bikable streets and roads. Dozens of communities, and the Georgia DOT, have adopted visionary Complete Streets policies.

To make these visions and policies a reality - in other words, more and better paved trails, protected bike lanes, bike parking, and bikable bridges - it all comes down to one word: funding.

How do we pay for these facilities? Good news! There are a number of funding sources out there, from federal to local, both public and private. Below are links and resources to help your community implement its bike-friendly vision.

An excellent overall primer on funding is this report: How Communities are Paying for Innovative On-Street Bicycle Infrastructure

PUBLIC FUNDING

Local

State

Report: State funding options for bicycle projects

In Georgia, the state constitution limits the expenditure of state motor fuel taxes on the construction and maintenance of "roads and bridges." Luckily, bicycle lanes and bikable shoulders occur on roads and bridges, so state transportation funds are eligible for most bicycle accommodations. Often, state funds are bundled with federal funding, and many federal transportation programs are eligible for bicycle improvements (see below).

Federal

Table: Bicycle and Pedestrian Funding Opportunities: Federal Transit and Federal Highway Funds

"Find it, fund it" search tool: Federal funding programs available for bicycle projects

 

PRIVATE FUNDING

Public-Private Partnerships (aka PPP or P3) for transportation projects occur "when public agencies contract with private partners to allow the private partners to perform functions normally done by the public agencies for the design, renovation, construction, operation, maintenance, and/or management of transportation infrastructure. Each P3 has at least three elements:

1. A goal,
2. A compensation structure, and
3. A term of contract completion."
 
The League of American Bicyclists and Advocacy Advance teamed up on a comprehensive report detailing the nature, pros, and cons of P3 funding strategies.