How a Bill Becomes Law in GA

HOW A BILL BECOMES LAW IN GEORGIA

 

(Originating in the House)

I. IDEA
·Conceived by individual legislator or legislators
·Conceived by Study Committee, Ad Hoc Committee,
Interim Committee
·Conceived by citizen or citizens' group
·Conceived by special interest group or lobby

II. DRAFTING
·Drafted by any of above mentioned groups or individuals utilizing private legal resources
·Drafted by legislative counsel on behalf of individual legislator, legislative committee, or subcommittee
·Modeled after legislation in other states

III. INTRODUCTION
·Filed with Clerk of House of Representatives
·Read for first time (by title) to entire House by Clerk (assigned to committee by Speaker)
·Read second time automatically on next legislative day

IV. COMMITTEE ACTION
·Chairman sets date for action on bill, notifies interested parties
·Interested persons testify, for and against
·Committee votes with several options available
1.Recommend “do pass” for bill in original form
2.Recommend “do pass” for bill with committee amendment
3.Recommend “do pass” for bill as substituted by committee
4.Recommend “do not pass” for bill either in original form or in amended or substituted form
5.Pass bill with no recommendation
6.Hold bill / no action
·If passed out of committee, bill is sent to Rules Committee for consideration
·Bill must be voted out of Rules Committee to be placed on consideration calendar

V. BILL (if given “do pass” recommendation) RETURNED TO HOUSE
·Placed on calendar
·Called by Speaker for third reading and vote
·Bill debated on floor / Bill may be amended or substituted on floor by majority vote
·Bill passed or defeated by majority vote (2/3 vote required for tax measure or constitutional amendment resolution)

VI. TO THE SENATE
Bills that pass the House, in whatever form, are transmitted to the Senate where a similar process takes place

VII. RETURN TO HOUSE
·Senate amendments require House approval
·If House concurs with Senate amendment in its entirety, measure is agreed to and sent to the Governor
·If House disagrees with the Senate amendment or changes any other language, bill is assigned to conference committee composed of three house and three senate members
·Conference committee may rewrite entire bill or resolve differences on conflicting language
·Conference committee report read in House and Senate where body accepts or rejects the report
·If accepted the bill is agreed/passed
·If either chamber rejects the conference report, the measure is assigned to new conference committee or allowed to die

VIII. BILL GOES TO GOVERNOR
·Governor may sign the bill into law
·Governor may veto the bill
·Bills not acted on will automatically become law (has 6 days during session and 40 days after session)

IX. VETO OVERRIDE
General Assembly may override a veto by 2/3 vote and measure becomes law